Increased helix and protein stability through the introduction of a new tertiary hydrogen bond.


Abstract

In an effort to quantify the importance of hydrogen bonding and alpha-helix formation to protein stability, a capping box motif was introduced into the small phosphocarrier protein HPr. Previous studies had confirmed that Ser46, at the N-cap position of the short helix-B in HPr, serves as an N-cap in solution. Thus, only a single-site mutation was required to produce a canonical S-X-X-E capping box: Lys49 at the N3 position was substituted with a glutamic acid residue. Thermal and chemical denaturation studies on the resulting K49E HPr show that the designed variant is approximately 2 kcal mol-1 more stable than the wild-type protein. However, NMR studies indicate that the side-chain of Glu49 does not participate in the expected capping H-bond interaction, but instead forms a new tertiary H-bond that links helix-B to the four-stranded beta-sheet of HPr. Here, we demonstrate that a strategy in which new non-native H-bonds are introduced can generate proteins with increased stability. We discuss why the original capping box design failed, and compare the energetic consequences of the new tertiary side-chain to main-chain H-bond with a local (helix-capping) side-chain to main-chain H-bond on the protein's global stability. Study holds ProTherm entries: 6098, 6099, 6100, 6101, 14296 Extra Details: N-capping; NMR; hydrogen bonds; protein engineering;,protein stability

Submission Details

ID: 3ksxXmv64

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:31 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Peterson RW;Nicholson EM;Thapar R;Klevit RE;Scholtz JM,J. Mol. Biol. (1999) Increased helix and protein stability through the introduction of a new tertiary hydrogen bond. PMID:10064718
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1PFH 1995-11-14 THE PHOSPHORYLATED FORM OF THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR
1VRC 2005-04-19 Complex of enzyme IIAmannose and the histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein HPr from escherichia coli nmr, restrained regularized mean structure
2LRK 2012-05-16 Solution Structures of the IIA(Chitobiose)-HPr complex of the N,N'-Diacetylchitobiose
3EZE 1998-12-16 COMPLEX OF THE AMINO TERMINAL DOMAIN OF ENZYME I AND THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI NMR, RESTRAINED REGULARIZED MEAN STRUCTURE
1J6T 2002-11-13 COMPLEX OF ENZYME IIAMTL AND THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI NMR, RESTRAINED REGULARIZED MEAN STRUCTURE
1HDN 1994-06-22 THE HIGH-RESOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI DETERMINED BY RESTRAINED MOLECULAR DYNAMICS FROM NMR NUCLEAR OVERHAUSER EFFECT DATA
2XDF 2010-09-22 Solution Structure of the Enzyme I Dimer Complexed with HPr Using Residual Dipolar Couplings and Small Angle X-Ray Scattering
3EZA 1999-05-25 COMPLEX OF THE AMINO TERMINAL DOMAIN OF ENZYME I AND THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI NMR, RESTRAINED REGULARIZED MEAN STRUCTURE
3EZB 1999-12-16 COMPLEX OF THE AMINO TERMINAL DOMAIN OF ENZYME I AND THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI
1GGR 2000-11-15 COMPLEX OF ENZYME IIAGLC AND THE HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR FROM ESCHERICHIA COLI NMR, RESTRAINED REGULARIZED MEAN STRUCTURE
2LRL 2012-05-16 Solution Structures of the IIA(Chitobiose)-HPr complex of the N,N'-Diacetylchitobiose Branch of the Escherichia coli Phosphotransferase System
3CCD 2008-10-21 1.0 1.0 A Structure of Post-Succinimide His15Asp HPr
1OPD 1997-08-20 1.5 HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PROTEIN (HPR), MUTANT WITH SER 46 REPLACED BY ASP (S46D)
1CM3 2000-05-17 1.6 HIS15ASP HPR FROM E. COLI
1CM2 2000-05-17 1.8 STRUCTURE OF HIS15ASP HPR AFTER HYDROLYSIS OF RINGED SPECIES.
1POH 1994-01-31 2.0 THE 2.0 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION STRUCTURE OF ESCHERICHIA COLI HISTIDINE-CONTAINING PHOSPHOCARRIER PROTEIN HPR: A REDETERMINATION
4XWJ 2015-10-21 2.1 Histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein (HPr) and antisigma factor Rsd complex
2JEL 1998-05-27 2.5 JEL42 FAB/HPR COMPLEX
5YA2 2018-07-11 2.7 Crystal structure of LsrK-HPr complex with ADP
5YA1 2018-07-11 2.7 crystal structure of LsrK-HPr complex with ATP
5YA0 2018-07-11 3.0 Crystal structure of LsrK and HPr complex

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
98.8 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P16481 PTHP_KLEPN
100.0 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P0AA09 PTHP_SHIFL
100.0 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P0AA07 PTHP_SALTY
100.0 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P0AA08 PTHP_SALTI
100.0 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P0AA04 PTHP_ECOLI
100.0 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P0AA05 PTHP_ECOL6
100.0 Phosphocarrier protein HPr P0AA06 PTHP_ECO57