Effects of the phenylalanine-22----leucine, glutamic acid-49----methionine, glycine-234----aspartic acid, and glycine-234----lysine mutations on the folding and stability of the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase from Escherichia coli.


Abstract

The effects of four single amino acid replacements on the stability and folding of the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase from Escherichia coli have been investigated by ultraviolet differences spectroscopy. In previous studies [Miles, E. W., Yutani, K., & Ogasahara, K. (1982) Biochemistry 21, 2586], it had been shown that the urea-induced unfolding at pH 7.8, 25 degrees C, proceeds by the initial unfolding of the less stable carboxyl domain (residues 189-268) followed by the unfolding of the more stable amino domain (residues 1-188). The effects of the Phe-22----Leu, Glu-49----Met, Gly-234----Asp, and Gly-234----Lys mutants on the equilibrium unfolding process can all be understood in terms of the domain unfolding model. With the exception of the Glu-49----Met replacement, the effects on stability are small. In contrast, the effects of three of the four mutations on the kinetics of interconversion of the native form and one of the stable partially folded intermediates are dramatic. The results for the Phe-22----Leu and Gly-234----Asp mutations indicate that these residues play a key role in the rate-limiting step. The Glu-49----Met mutation increases the stability of the native form with respect to that of the intermediate but does not affect the rate-limiting step. The Gly-234----Lys mutation does not affect either the stability or the kinetics of folding for the transition between native and intermediate forms. The changes in stability calculated from the unfolding and refolding rate constants agree quantitatively with those obtained from the equilibrium data. When considered with the results from a previous study on the Gly-211----Glu replacement [Matthews, C. R., Crisanti, M. M., Manz, J. T., & Gepner G. L. (1983) Biochemistry 22, 1445], it can be concluded that the rate-limiting step in the conversion of the intermediate to the native conformation involves either domain association or some other type of molecule-wide phenomenon. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2539, 2540, 2541, 2542, 2543, 2544, 2545, 2546, 2547, 2548, 2549, 2550 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.2 mM),Transition is from Native to Intermediate tryptophan synthase alpha subunit; folding; stability; kinetics

Submission Details

ID: 3j7Hw6uV4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:19 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Beasty AM;Hurle MR;Manz JT;Stackhouse T;Onuffer JJ;Matthews CR,Biochemistry (1986) Effects of the phenylalanine-22----leucine, glutamic acid-49----methionine, glycine-234----aspartic acid, and glycine-234----lysine mutations on the folding and stability of the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase from Escherichia coli. PMID:2872918
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1XCF 2004-11-02 1.8 Crystal structure of P28L/Y173F tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli
1WQ5 2005-02-15 2.3 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli
1V7Y 2005-02-15 2.5 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli at room temperature
1XC4 2004-11-02 2.8 Crystal structure of wild-type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LS20 TRPA_ESCF3
97.8 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7NVN0 TRPA_ECO7I
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1LH32 TRPA_ECOSM
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7N473 TRPA_ECOLU
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0TIB0 TRPA_ECOL5
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7MU99 TRPA_ECO81
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7UR66 TRPA_ECO27
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q1RCA7 TRPA_ECOUT
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A1AAN0 TRPA_ECOK1
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7ML76 TRPA_ECO45
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B5YZP0 TRPA_ECO5E
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8X7B5 TRPA_ECO57
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q32GT0 TRPA_SHIDS
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q3Z108 TRPA_SHISS
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0T5D6 TRPA_SHIF8
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q31ZV3 TRPA_SHIBS
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8FHW0 TRPA_ECOL6
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B2U0F1 TRPA_SHIB3
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZL78 TRPA_ECO24
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7L492 TRPA_ECO55
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B6I9X4 TRPA_ECOSE
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LY16 TRPA_ECO8A
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A878 TRPA_SHIFL
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A877 TRPA_ECOLI
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1ITJ5 TRPA_ECOLC
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZZJ6 TRPA_ECOHS
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1XBK9 TRPA_ECODH
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain C4ZTV3 TRPA_ECOBW