Equilibrium and kinetic effects on the folding of T4 lysozyme were investigated by fluorescence emission spectroscopy in cryosolvent. To study the role of disulfide cross-links in stability and folding, a comparison was made with a mutant containing an engineered disulfide bond between Cys-3 (Ile-3 in the wild type) and Cys-97, which links the C-terminal domain to the N terminus of the protein [Perry & Wetzel (1984) Science 226, 555]. In our experimental system, stability toward thermal and denaturant unfolding was increased slightly as a result of the cross-link. The corresponding reduced protein was significantly less stable than the wild type. Unfolding and refolding kinetics were carried out in 35% methanol, pH 6.8 at -15 degrees C, with guanidine hydrochloride as the denaturant. Unfolding/refolding of the wild-type and reduced enzyme showed biphasic kinetics both within and outside the denaturant-induced transition region and were consistent with the presence of a populated intermediate in folding. Double-jump refolding experiments eliminated proline isomerization as a possible cause for the biphasicity. The disulfide mutant protein, however, showed monophasic kinetics in all guanidine concentrations studied. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3035, 3036 Extra Details: T4 lysozyme; disulfide bond; kinetic effects; folding;,stability; intermediate
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:20 p.m.
|Number of data points||4|
|Proteins||Endolysin ; Endolysin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Tm ; Derived Quantity: dTm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MNIFEMLRIDEGLRLKIYKDTEGYYTIGIGHLLTKSPSLNAAKSELDKAIGRNCNGVITKDEAEKLFNQDVDAAVRGILRNAKLKPVYDSLDAVRRCALINMVFQMGETGVAGFTNSLRMLQQKRWDEAAVNLAKSRWYNQTPNRAKRVITTFRTGTWDAYKNL|