Thermal unfolding and conformational stability of the recombinant domain II of glutamate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima.


Abstract

Domain II (residues 189-338, M(r) = 16 222) of glutamate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima was used as a model system to study reversible unfolding thermodynamics of this hyperthermostable enzyme. The protein was produced in large quantities in E.COLI: using a T7 expression system. It was shown that the recombinant domain is monomeric in solution and that it comprises secondary structural elements similar to those observed in the crystal structure of the hexameric enzyme. The recombinant domain is thermostable and undergoes reversible and cooperative thermal unfolding in the pH range 5.90-8.00 with melting temperatures between 75.1 and 68.0 degrees C. Thermal unfolding of the protein was studied using differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Both methods yielded comparable values. The analysis revealed an unfolding enthalpy at 70 degrees C of 70.2 +/- 4.0 kcal/mol and a DeltaC(p) value of 1.4 +/- 0.3 kcal/mol K. Chemical unfolding of the recombinant domain resulted in m values of 3.36 +/- 0.10 kcal/mol M for unfolding in guanidinium chloride and 1.46 +/- 0.04 kcal/mol M in urea. The thermodynamic parameters for thermal and chemical unfolding equilibria indicate that domain II from T.MARITIMA: glutamate dehydrogenase is a thermostable protein with a DeltaG(max) of 3.70 kcal/mol. However, the thermal and chemical stabilities of the domain are lower than those of the hexameric protein, indicating that interdomain interactions must play a significant role in the stabilization of T. MARITIMA: domain II glutamate dehydrogenase. Study holds ProTherm entries: 7975, 7976, 7977 Extra Details: chimeric protein; domain exchange; molten globule state;,protein folding

Submission Details

ID: 36gdeTKE

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:35 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Consalvi V;Chiaraluce R;Giangiacomo L;Scandurra R;Christova P;Karshikoff A;Knapp S;Ladenstein R,Protein Eng. (2000) Thermal unfolding and conformational stability of the recombinant domain II of glutamate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima. PMID:10906345
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1CB3 1999-06-08 LOCAL INTERACTIONS DRIVE THE FORMATION OF NON-NATIVE STRUCTURE IN THE DENATURED STATE OF HUMAN ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN: A HIGH RESOLUTION STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF A PEPTIDE MODEL IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION
1B9O 1999-03-31 1.15 HUMAN ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN, LOW TEMPERATURE FORM
3B0K 2012-06-13 1.6 Crystal structure of alpha-lactalbumin
3B0O 2012-06-13 1.61 Crystal structure of alpha-lactalbumin
1ALC 1989-10-15 1.7 REFINED STRUCTURE OF BABOON ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN AT 1.7 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION. COMPARISON WITH C-TYPE LYSOZYME
1HML 1995-01-26 1.7 ALPHA_LACTALBUMIN POSSESSES A DISTINCT ZINC BINDING SITE
1A4V 1999-04-27 1.8 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1FKQ 2001-02-14 1.8 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN T29V
3B0I 2012-06-13 1.8 Crystal structure of recombinant human alpha lactalbumin
6IP9 2019-02-20 1.85 Crystal Structure of Lanthanum ion (La3+) bound bovine alpha-lactalbumin
1HMK 1999-11-26 2.0 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1FKV 2001-02-14 2.0 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN T29I
1F6S 2000-12-13 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BOVINE ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1F6R 2000-12-13 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF APO-BOVINE ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1HFY 1997-07-07 2.3 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
2G4N 2007-02-20 2.3 Anomalous substructure of alpha-lactalbumin
1HFZ 1997-07-29 2.3 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
4L41 2013-10-02 2.7 Human Lactose synthase: A 2:1 complex between human alpha-lactalbumin and human beta1,4-galactosyltransferase

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
95.1 Alpha-lactalbumin P00712 LALBA_CAPHI
97.2 Alpha-lactalbumin P09462 LALBA_SHEEP
98.6 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSN6 LALBA_BUBBU
99.3 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSR4 LALBA_BOSMU
100.0 Alpha-lactalbumin P00711 LALBA_BOVIN
91.7 Alpha-lactalbumin P37154 LALBA_FELCA
94.3 Alpha-lactalbumin P12065 LALBA_PAPCY
100.0 Alpha-lactalbumin P00709 LALBA_HUMAN