Contribution of chain termini to the conformational stability and biological activity of onconase.


Abstract

Onconase, a member of the RNase A superfamily, is a potent antitumor agent which is undergoing phase III clinical trials as an antitumor drug. We have recently shown that onconase is an unusually stable protein. Furthermore, the protein is resistant to the action of proteases, which could influence its use as a drug, prolonging its biological life, and leading to its renal toxicity. Our investigation focused on the contribution of chain termini to onconase conformational stability and biological activities. We used differential scanning calorimetry, isothermal unfolding experiments, limited proteolysis, and catalytic and antitumor activity determinations to investigate the effect of the elimination of the two blocks at the chain termini, the N-terminal cyclized glutamine and the C-terminal disulfide bridge between the terminal Cys104 and Cys87. The determination of the thermodynamic parameters of the protein led to the conclusion that the two blocks at onconase chain termini are responsible for the unusual stability of the protein. Moreover, the reduced stability of the onconase mutants does not influence greatly their catalytic and antitumor activities. Thus, our data would suggest that an onconase-based drug, with a decreased toxicity, could be obtained through the use of less stable onconase variants. Study holds ProTherm entries: 11751 Extra Details: potent antitumor agent; renal toxicity; activity; catalytic

Submission Details

ID: 2zKqxyY5

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:43 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Notomista E;Catanzano F;Graziano G;Di Gaetano S;Barone G;Di Donato A,Biochemistry (2001) Contribution of chain termini to the conformational stability and biological activity of onconase. PMID:11478876
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