The contribution of individual basic amino acids within three putative "consensus sequences" for heparin binding of fibroblast growth factor-1 have been examined by site-directed mutagenesis. The results indicate that a significant reduction in the apparent affinity of fibroblast growth factor-1 for heparin is only observed when basic residues in one of the three regions are mutated. Mutation in the other regions are without affect on heparin binding. The heparin binding properties of synthetic peptides based on the three "consensus sequences" paralleled the mutagenesis results. That is, synthetic peptides corresponding to regions of the protein that were affected by mutagenesis with respect to heparin binding exhibited a relatively high affinity for immobilized heparin, whereas those corresponding to regions of similar charge density that were unaffected by mutagenesis did not. In addition, amino acid substitution of a nonbasic residue in the heparin-binding peptide could abolish its heparin binding capacity. The heparin-binding peptide could antagonize the mitogenic activity of FGF-1, probably because of the heparin dependence of this activity. Together these data demonstrate that the heparin binding properties of fibroblast growth factor-1 are dictated by structural features more complex than clusters of basic amino acids. The results of these and other studies indicate that consensus motifs for heparin-binding require further definition. More importantly, the results provide a basis for the design of peptide-based inhibitors of FGF-1.
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: Sept. 28, 2018, 5:19 p.m.
|Number of data points||9|
|Proteins||Fibroblast growth factor 1|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Heparin-binding measured by NaCl concentration sufficient for FGF-1 elution|
|Libraries||Heparin-binding properties of wild-type and site directed point mutants of human FGF-1.|