Conformational stability is a determinant of ribonuclease A cytotoxicity.


Onconasetrade mark, a homolog of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase A) with high conformational stability, is cytotoxic and has efficacy as a cancer chemotherapeutic agent. Unlike wild-type RNase A, the G88R variant is toxic to cancer cells. Here, variants in which disulfide bonds were removed from or added to G88R RNase A were used to probe the relationship between conformational stability and cytotoxicity in a methodical manner. The conformational stability of the C40A/G88R/C95A and C65A/C72A/G88R variants is less than that of G88R RNase A. In contrast, a new disulfide bond that links the N and C termini (residues 4 and 118) increases the conformational stability of G88R RNase A and C65A/C72A/G88R RNase A. These changes have little effect on the ribonucleolytic activity of the enzyme or on its ability to evade the cytosolic ribonuclease inhibitor protein. The changes do, however, have a substantial effect on toxicity toward human erythroleukemia cells. Specifically, conformational stability correlates directly with cytotoxicity as well as with resistance to proteolysis. These data indicate that conformational stability is a key determinant of RNase A cytotoxicity and suggest that cytotoxicity relies on avoiding proteolysis. This finding suggests a means to produce new cancer chemotherapeutic agents based on mammalian ribonucleases. Study holds ProTherm entries: 8519, 8520, 8521, 8522, 8523, 8524, 8525 Extra Details: conformational stability; cytotoxicity; disulfide bond;,cancer chemotherapeutic agents

Submission Details

ID: 2AszfLKF4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:36 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Klink TA;Raines RT,J. Biol. Chem. (2000) Conformational stability is a determinant of ribonuclease A cytotoxicity. PMID:10747991
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE