Ribonuclease T1 has two disulfide bonds linking cysteine residues 2-10 and 6-103. We have prepared a derivative of ribonuclease T1 in which one disulfide bond is broken and the cysteine residues carboxymethylated, (2-10)-RCM-T1, and three derivatives in which both disulfides are broken and the cysteine residues reduced, R-T1, carboxamidomethylated, RCAM-T1, or carboxymethylated, RCM-T1. The RNA hydrolyzing activity of these proteins has been measured, and urea and thermal denaturation studies have been used to determine conformational stability. The activity, melting temperature, and conformational stability of the proteins are: ribonuclease T1 (100%, 59.3 degrees C, 10.2 kcal/mol), (2-10)-RCM-T1 (86%, 53.3 degrees C, 6.8 kcal/mol), R-T1 (53%, 27.2 degrees C, 3.0 kcal/mol), RCAM-T1 (43%, 21.2 degrees C, 1.5 kcal/mol), and RCM-T1 (35%, 16.6 degrees C, 0.9 kcal/mol). Thus, the conformational stability is decreased by 3.4 kcal/mol when one disulfide bond is broken and by 7.2-9.3 kcal/mol when both disulfide bonds are broken. It is quite remarkable that RNase T1 can fold and function with both disulfide bonds broken and the cysteine residues carboxymethylated. The large decrease in the stability is due mainly to an increase in the conformational entropy of the unfolded protein which results when the constraints of the disulfide bonds on the flexibility are removed. We propose a new equation for predicting the effect of a cross-link on the conformational entropy of a protein: delta Sconf = -2.1 - (3/2)R 1n n, where n is the number of residues between the side chains which are cross-linked. This equation gives much better agreement with experimental results than other forms of this equation which have been used previously. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2271, 2272 Extra Details: Ribonuclease T1; disulfide bond; conformational stability; activity;,melting temperature; conformational entropy
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.
|Number of data points||6|
|Proteins||Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 ; Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: activity temp:59.3 C ; Experimental Assay: dTm ; Experimental Assay: activity temp:12.5 C ; Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence ACDYTCGSNCYSSSDVSTAQAAGYQLHEDGETVGSNSYPHKYNNYEGFDFSVSSPYYEWPILSSGDVYSGGSPGADRVVFNENNQLAGVITHTGASGNNFVECT|